|General John A. Logan|
But our First Patriots cherished and honored their fallen no less. And after the war, the need to honor those who gave all for an idea sanctified both the idea and those whose sacrifice enabled it. Here are just a few examples:
|General Montgomery Memorial |
at St. Paul's
New York City, where in 1788, it was installed under the direction of France's Pierre Charles L'Enfant (who later designed Washington, DC) beneath the portico of St. Paul's Chapel, which served as George Washington's church during his time in New York as the United States' first president in 1789, and where it remains to this day. Montgomery's body, which was originally interred on the site of his death in Quebec, was moved to St. Paul's in 1818.
Those who read my earlier blogs also know that I began the Yankee Doodle Spies idea, and particularly The Patriot Spy, because as a boy I was inspired by the Maryland Monument in Brooklyn's Prospect Park (scroll down to read of it). But an important and little known monument was erected at the site of the Brooklyn Navy Yard. Why? Because there the remains of perhaps as a many as 15,000 First Patriots were interred there. These were prisoners of war, the victims of the notorious British prison ships anchored as "hulks," that is de-masted sailing ships,docked in an area called Wallabout Bay. These First Patriots later became known as the "Prison Ship Martyrs."
|Unveiling Prison Ship Memorial at Ft Greene Park 1908|
For years after the war, the bones of Martyrs would wash up on shore and finally a monument was erected near the site of the hulks at the famed Brooklyn Navy Yard at a place called Vinegar Hill. In the mid 19th century a stone crypt was erected at nearby Fort Greene Park and the bones were interred there. Fort Greene was one of several forts erected by Washington to defend Brooklyn from the British in 1776 (you can read about that in The Patriot Spy). In the late 19th century the martyrs remains were once again moved to a new Fort Greene monument - a tall (148 foot) obelisk that looked down on Brooklyn. When President Taft dedicated it in 1908, it was one of the finest structures in the nation and a fitting final resting place for the Prison Ship Martyrs.
|General Wooster Monument|
One of my recent blogs was on Connecticut's General David Wooster who was killed in the fighting that followed the British/Loyalist raid on the arsenal at Danbury, CT. On June 17, 1777, Congress voted that a
suitable monument should be erected in his memory, but measures were never inaugurated to execute the resolution. His grave was not identified until 1854, when Connecticut legislature laid the cornerstone of a monument. Today, a monument 30 feet high marks his final resting place at Mount Moriah in Danbury. Coincidentally, Wooster fought at Quebec as Montgomery's second in command and took much unjust blame for the campaign and its result.
Many argue that Philadelphia, our nation's first capital, marks the spiritual, political and geographic center of the American War for Independence and in 1954 an impressive monument was built to commemorate those who fell in the war. The Tomb of the Unknown Revolutionary War Soldier is located in
Philadelphia's Washington Square. It honors the thousands of soldiers who died during the American Revolutionary War,but especially those who were buried in mass graves in that park.
The actual plaque upon the tomb of the Unknown Soldier reads: "Beneath this stone rests a soldier of Washington's army who died to give you liberty."
|Tomb of the Unknown Revolutionary War Soldier|
|Bunker Hill Monument|